Steady dating and self esteem in high school students
The "Reconnecting Youth" Program, described by Leona Eggert and colleagues in 1994, is designed for high school students who manifest poor academic achievement or who are at high risk for dropping out and other problem behaviors.
In the family domain, the Iowa Strengthening Families Program, described by Richard Spoth and colleagues in 1999, has received considerable attention.
Also effective is the vigorous enforcement of laws governing sales to minors, including using underage youth to buy alcohol and tobacco products in "sting" operations.
These include efforts targeting tobacco and alcohol outlets, including restrictions on their location and density and on alcohol and tobacco advertising.Scare tactics, designed to frighten adolescents into avoiding drugs, are often recognized as such by their target audiences and can even be counterproductive. Estimates of HIV incidence in the early twenty-first century suggest that at least 50 percent of the 40,000 new infections in the United States each year are among individuals under twenty-five years old, and 25 percent are among persons aged twenty-one or younger.Efforts to raise self-esteem as a drug prevention strategy have long been discredited given the lack of association between self-esteem and ATOD use. "Meta-Analysis of 143 Adolescent Drug Prevention Programs: Quantitative Outcome Results of Program Participants Compared to a Control or Comparison Group." Journal of Drug Issues 7University of Michigan News and Information Services. "'Ecstasy' Use Rises Sharply among Teens in 2000: Use of Many Other Drugs Stays Steady, but Significant Declines Are Reported for Some." December 14 news release. "Alcohol Abuse Costs Society 0 Billion Per Year." . Ringwalt Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a significant threat to youth and young adults. The majority of HIV infections among adolescents are contracted through sexual activity.Protective factors, or factors that promote resiliency, have also been identified in these various domains.Among those most frequently cited are religiosity or spirituality, commitment to academic achievement, strong life skills, social competencies, and belief in self-efficacy.